One name for the covalent assembly of sugars linked to phosphatidyl inositol joined to the C-terminal residue of many proteins by a modified ethanolamine residue. Also called a greasy foot. Another term for this modification is glypiation. The function of the pigtail is to act as the sole anchor of the protein to the external surface of the lipid bilayer. The moiety is added to the protein during co-translational insertion into the ER membrane on the luminal side. The addition is synchronized with the removal of a large C-terminal polypeptide sequence that is usually hydrophobic and could itself have formed a membrane anchor. The surface proteins of many unicellular protozoa very commonly have this modification, the best known being the variable surface glycoprotein of trypanosomes and of malaria parasites. Examples are probably present in all eukaryotic plasma membranes.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Pigtail — Pig tail , n. 1. The tail of a pig. [1913 Webster] 2. (Hair Dressing) A cue, or queue. J. & H. Smith. [1913 Webster] 3. A kind of twisted chewing tobacco. [1913 Webster] The tobacco he usually cheweth, called pigtail. Swift. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pigtail — (n.) 1680s, tobacco in a twisted roll, from PIG (Cf. pig) (n.) + TAIL (Cf. tail) (n.). So called from resemblance. Meaning braid of hair is from 1753, when it was a fashion among soldiers and sailors …   Etymology dictionary

  • pigtail — ► NOUN ▪ a plaited lock of hair worn singly at the back or on each side of the head. DERIVATIVES pigtailed adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • pigtail — [pig′tāl΄] n. 1. tobacco in a twisted roll 2. a long braid of hair hanging at the back of the head …   English World dictionary

  • Pigtail — A pigtail (also known as Twin Tail(ツインテール/TsuinTe ru) in Japan)Fact|date=October 2008 is another name for hair styled into a large braid that extends down or out from the head. In analogy to the ponytail hairstyle and the long, free flowing tail… …   Wikipedia

  • pigtail — UK [ˈpɪɡˌteɪl] / US noun [countable] Word forms pigtail : singular pigtail plural pigtails 1) a length of hair formed by twisting three separate lengths of hair over each other, worn either behind or at the sides of the head 2) [usually plural] a …   English dictionary

  • Pigtail — Das Wort Pigtail (engl. für „Schweineschwanz“) bezeichnet: Eine Frisur, den Zopf, oder auch den Zopfring, einen Haarschmuck. In der Netzwerktechnik ein Patchkabel. In der Hochfrequenztechnik ein kurzes Kabel, welches an beiden Enden mit HF… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pigtail — [[t]pɪ̱gteɪl[/t]] pigtails N COUNT If someone has a pigtail or pigtails, their hair is plaited or braided into one or two lengths. ...a little girl with pigtails. Syn: plait, braid …   English dictionary

  • pigtail — vielinis išvadas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. pigtail; wire lead vok. Drahtanschluß, m; Drahtzuleitung, f rus. проволочный вывод, m pranc. sortie en fil, f …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • pigtail — lankstusis išvadas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. compliant lead; flexible lead; pigtail vok. biegsamer Leiter, m; flexible Zuleitung, f rus. гибкий вывод, m pranc. broche flexible, f; conducteur flexible, m; patte flexible …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

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